Tabs Examples and Reference

The dcc.Tabs and dcc.Tab components can be used to create tabbed sections in
your app. The dcc.Tab component controls the style and value of the individual
tab and the dcc.Tabs component hold a collection of dcc.Tab components.


Method 1. Content as Callback

Attach a callback to the Tabs value prop and update a container’s children
property in your callback.

import dash
from dash.dependencies import Input, Output
import dash_html_components as html
import dash_core_components as dcc

external_stylesheets = ['https://codepen.io/chriddyp/pen/bWLwgP.css']

app = dash.Dash(__name__, external_stylesheets=external_stylesheets)

app.layout = html.Div([
    html.H1('Dash Tabs component demo'),
    dcc.Tabs(id="tabs-example-graph", value='tab-1-example-graph', children=[
        dcc.Tab(label='Tab One', value='tab-1-example-graph'),
        dcc.Tab(label='Tab Two', value='tab-2-example-graph'),
    ]),
    html.Div(id='tabs-content-example-graph')
])

@app.callback(Output('tabs-content-example-graph', 'children'),
              Input('tabs-example-graph', 'value'))
def render_content(tab):
    if tab == 'tab-1-example-graph':
        return html.Div([
            html.H3('Tab content 1'),
            dcc.Graph(
                id='graph-1-tabs',
                figure={
                    'data': [{
                        'x': [1, 2, 3],
                        'y': [3, 1, 2],
                        'type': 'bar'
                    }]
                }
            )
        ])
    elif tab == 'tab-2-example-graph':
        return html.Div([
            html.H3('Tab content 2'),
            dcc.Graph(
                id='graph-2-tabs',
                figure={
                    'data': [{
                        'x': [1, 2, 3],
                        'y': [5, 10, 6],
                        'type': 'bar'
                    }]
                }
            )
        ])

if __name__ == '__main__':
    app.run_server(debug=True)

Dash Tabs component demo

In the example above, our callback contains all of the content. In practice, we’ll
keep the tab’s content in separate files and import the data. For an example, see
the URLs and Multi-Page App Tutorial.


Method 2. Content as Tab Children

Instead of displaying the content through a callback, you can embed the content
directly as the children property in the Tab component:

# -*- coding: utf-8 -*-
import dash
import dash_html_components as html
import dash_core_components as dcc

external_stylesheets = ['https://codepen.io/chriddyp/pen/bWLwgP.css']

app = dash.Dash(__name__, external_stylesheets=external_stylesheets)

app.layout = html.Div([
    dcc.Tabs([
        dcc.Tab(label='Tab one', children=[
            dcc.Graph(
                figure={
                    'data': [
                        {'x': [1, 2, 3], 'y': [4, 1, 2],
                            'type': 'bar', 'name': 'SF'},
                        {'x': [1, 2, 3], 'y': [2, 4, 5],
                         'type': 'bar', 'name': u'Montréal'},
                    ]
                }
            )
        ]),
        dcc.Tab(label='Tab two', children=[
            dcc.Graph(
                figure={
                    'data': [
                        {'x': [1, 2, 3], 'y': [1, 4, 1],
                            'type': 'bar', 'name': 'SF'},
                        {'x': [1, 2, 3], 'y': [1, 2, 3],
                         'type': 'bar', 'name': u'Montréal'},
                    ]
                }
            )
        ]),
        dcc.Tab(label='Tab three', children=[
            dcc.Graph(
                figure={
                    'data': [
                        {'x': [1, 2, 3], 'y': [2, 4, 3],
                            'type': 'bar', 'name': 'SF'},
                        {'x': [1, 2, 3], 'y': [5, 4, 3],
                         'type': 'bar', 'name': u'Montréal'},
                    ]
                }
            )
        ]),
    ])
])

if __name__ == '__main__':
    app.run_server(debug=True)

Note that this method has a drawback: it requires that you compute the children
property for each individual tab upfront and send all of the tab’s content over
the network at once. The callback method allows you to compute the tab’s content
on the fly (that is, when the tab is clicked).


Styling the Tabs component with CSS Classes

Styling the Tabs (and Tab) component can either be done using CSS classes by
providing your own to the className property:

import dash
import dash_html_components as html
import dash_core_components as dcc

from dash.dependencies import Input, Output

app = dash.Dash(__name__)

app.layout = html.Div([
    dcc.Tabs(
        id="tabs-with-classes",
        value='tab-2',
        parent_className='custom-tabs',
        className='custom-tabs-container',
        children=[
            dcc.Tab(
                label='Tab one',
                value='tab-1',
                className='custom-tab',
                selected_className='custom-tab--selected'
            ),
            dcc.Tab(
                label='Tab two',
                value='tab-2',
                className='custom-tab',
                selected_className='custom-tab--selected'
            ),
            dcc.Tab(
                label='Tab three, multiline',
                value='tab-3', className='custom-tab',
                selected_className='custom-tab--selected'
            ),
            dcc.Tab(
                label='Tab four',
                value='tab-4',
                className='custom-tab',
                selected_className='custom-tab--selected'
            ),
        ]),
    html.Div(id='tabs-content-classes')
])

@app.callback(Output('tabs-content-classes', 'children'),
              Input('tabs-with-classes', 'value'))
def render_content(tab):
    if tab == 'tab-1':
        return html.Div([
            html.H3('Tab content 1')
        ])
    elif tab == 'tab-2':
        return html.Div([
            html.H3('Tab content 2')
        ])
    elif tab == 'tab-3':
        return html.Div([
            html.H3('Tab content 3')
        ])
    elif tab == 'tab-4':
        return html.Div([
            html.H3('Tab content 4')
        ])

if __name__ == '__main__':
    app.run_server(debug=True)

Notice how the container of the Tabs can be styled as well by supplying a class
to the parent_className prop, which we use here to draw a border below it,
positioning the actual Tabs (with padding) more in the center. We also added
display: flex and justify-content: center to the regular Tab components,
so that labels with multiple lines will not break the flow of the text. The
corresponding CSS file (assets/tabs.css) looks like this. Save the file in
an assets folder (it can be named anything you want). Dash will automatically
include this CSS when the app is loaded. Learn more about including CSS in your app.


.custom-tabs-container {
    width: 85%;
}
.custom-tabs {
    border-top-left-radius: 3px;
    background-color: #f9f9f9;
    padding: 0px 24px;
    border-bottom: 1px solid #d6d6d6;
}

.custom-tab {
    color:#586069;
    border-top-left-radius: 3px;
    border-top-right-radius: 3px;
    border-top: 3px solid transparent !important;
    border-left: 0px !important;
    border-right: 0px !important;
    border-bottom: 0px !important;
    background-color: #fafbfc;
    padding: 12px !important;
    font-family: "system-ui";
    display: flex !important;
    align-items: center;
    justify-content: center;
}
.custom-tab--selected {
    color: black;
    box-shadow: 1px 1px 0px white;
    border-left: 1px solid lightgrey !important;
    border-right: 1px solid lightgrey !important;
    border-top: 3px solid #e36209 !important;
}

Styling Tabs with Inline Styles

An alternative to providing CSS classes is to provide style dictionaries directly:

import dash
import dash_html_components as html
import dash_core_components as dcc

from dash.dependencies import Input, Output

app = dash.Dash(__name__)

tabs_styles = {
    'height': '44px'
}
tab_style = {
    'borderBottom': '1px solid #d6d6d6',
    'padding': '6px',
    'fontWeight': 'bold'
}

tab_selected_style = {
    'borderTop': '1px solid #d6d6d6',
    'borderBottom': '1px solid #d6d6d6',
    'backgroundColor': '#119DFF',
    'color': 'white',
    'padding': '6px'
}

app.layout = html.Div([
    dcc.Tabs(id="tabs-styled-with-inline", value='tab-1', children=[
        dcc.Tab(label='Tab 1', value='tab-1', style=tab_style, selected_style=tab_selected_style),
        dcc.Tab(label='Tab 2', value='tab-2', style=tab_style, selected_style=tab_selected_style),
        dcc.Tab(label='Tab 3', value='tab-3', style=tab_style, selected_style=tab_selected_style),
        dcc.Tab(label='Tab 4', value='tab-4', style=tab_style, selected_style=tab_selected_style),
    ], style=tabs_styles),
    html.Div(id='tabs-content-inline')
])

@app.callback(Output('tabs-content-inline', 'children'),
              Input('tabs-styled-with-inline', 'value'))
def render_content(tab):
    if tab == 'tab-1':
        return html.Div([
            html.H3('Tab content 1')
        ])
    elif tab == 'tab-2':
        return html.Div([
            html.H3('Tab content 2')
        ])
    elif tab == 'tab-3':
        return html.Div([
            html.H3('Tab content 3')
        ])
    elif tab == 'tab-4':
        return html.Div([
            html.H3('Tab content 4')
        ])

if __name__ == '__main__':
    app.run_server(debug=True)

Lastly, you can set the colors of the Tabs components in the color prop, by
specifying the “border”, “primary”, and “background” colors in a dict. Make sure
you set them all, if you’re using them!

import dash
import dash_html_components as html
import dash_core_components as dcc

from dash.dependencies import Input, Output

app = dash.Dash(__name__)

app.layout = html.Div([
    dcc.Tabs(id="tabs-styled-with-props", value='tab-1', children=[
        dcc.Tab(label='1', value='tab-1'),
        dcc.Tab(label='2', value='tab-2'),
    ], colors={
        "border": "white",
        "primary": "gold",
        "background": "cornsilk"
    }),
    html.Div(id='tabs-content-props')
])

@app.callback(Output('tabs-content-props', 'children'),
              Input('tabs-styled-with-props', 'value'))
def render_content(tab):
    if tab == 'tab-1':
        return html.Div([
            html.H3('Tab content 1')
        ])
    elif tab == 'tab-2':
        return html.Div([
            html.H3('Tab content 2')
        ])

if __name__ == '__main__':
    app.run_server(debug=True)

Tabs Properties

Access this documentation in your Python terminal with:
```python

help(dash.dcc.Tabs)
```

Our recommended IDE for writing Dash apps is Dash Enterprise’s
Data Science Workspaces,
which has typeahead support for Dash Component Properties.
Find out if your company is using
Dash Enterprise
.

children (list of list of or a singular dash component, string or numbers | list of or a singular dash component, string or number; optional):
Array that holds Tab components.

id (string; optional):
The ID of this component, used to identify dash components in
callbacks. The ID needs to be unique across all of the components in
an app.

className (string; optional):
Appends a class to the Tabs container holding the individual Tab
components.

colors (dict; default { border: '#d6d6d6', primary: '#1975FA', background: '#f9f9f9',}):
Holds the colors used by the Tabs and Tab components. If you set
these, you should specify colors for all properties, so: colors: {
border: ‘#d6d6d6’, primary: ‘#1975FA’, background: ‘#f9f9f9’ }.

colors is a dict with keys:

content_className (string; optional):
Appends a class to the Tab content container holding the children of
the Tab that is selected.

content_style (dict; optional):
Appends (inline) styles to the tab content container holding the
children of the Tab that is selected.

loading_state (dict; optional):
Object that holds the loading state object coming from dash-renderer.

loading_state is a dict with keys:

mobile_breakpoint (number; default 800):
Breakpoint at which tabs are rendered full width (can be 0 if you
don’t want full width tabs on mobile).

parent_className (string; optional):
Appends a class to the top-level parent container holding both the
Tabs container and the content container.

parent_style (dict; optional):
Appends (inline) styles to the top-level parent container holding both
the Tabs container and the content container.

persisted_props (list of values equal to: ‘value’; default ['value']):
Properties whose user interactions will persist after refreshing the
component or the page. Since only value is allowed this prop can
normally be ignored.

persistence (boolean | string | number; optional):
Used to allow user interactions in this component to be persisted when
the component - or the page - is refreshed. If persisted is truthy
and hasn’t changed from its previous value, a value that the user
has changed while using the app will keep that change, as long as the
new value also matches what was given originally. Used in
conjunction with persistence_type.

persistence_type (a value equal to: ‘local’, ‘session’ or ‘memory’; default 'local'):
Where persisted user changes will be stored: memory: only kept in
memory, reset on page refresh. local: window.localStorage, data is
kept after the browser quit. session: window.sessionStorage, data is
cleared once the browser quit.

style (dict; optional):
Appends (inline) styles to the Tabs container holding the individual
Tab components.

value (string; optional):
The value of the currently selected Tab.

vertical (boolean; default False):
Renders the tabs vertically (on the side).